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Yokohama

Yokohama

Geography

Yokohama is a city almost adjacent to Tokyo, the capital of Kanagawa Prefecture and the second largest in Japan. It is located south of Tokyo on the shores of Tokyo Bay, in the Kanto metropolitan region.

History

Before the Meiji Revolution, there was a small fishing village here. After the visit of the “black ships” of Commander Perry, Japan began to open up to the world and, by decision of the shogunate in 1859, the future sea gates to the country began to be built here. Within twenty years, Yokohama became a major port city, where an entire foreign quarter was built. Now it was through this port, located near Tokyo, that the main trade with the outside world took place. The first Japanese daily newspaper appeared here and it was here that the first Japanese railway ran from Tokyo. The city retains its importance as a major trading port to this day.

Culture, attractions
and entertainment

Yokohama's main attraction is a futuristic district built in the 1990s. on the coast of the city according to a unified urban planning plan. The area was named "Minato Mirai 21", which translates as "Port of the Future of the 21st Century". Minato Mirai is a complex of skyscrapers housing first-class international hotels, as well as office areas and entertainment centers, creating a carefully designed architectural space. The central, unifying element of the entire area is the Landmark Tower skyscraper. This is the tallest building in Japan, with a height of 296 meters, designed by the American architectural bureau Hugh Stubbins & Associates. Here, on the 49th – 70th floors, the five-star Royal Park hotel is located, and the lower levels are given over to offices of large companies, shops, restaurants and even a clinic. On the 69th floor of the skyscraper there is a circular observation deck called the Sky Garden; an elevator takes visitors here from the ground level in just 40 seconds. Other Minato Mirai sites include the Pacifico Yokohama Convention Center, the Intercontinental, Sheraton and Pan Pacific hotels, the Museum of Art, and the giant Ferris wheel Cosmo Clock 21, one of the tallest in the world. You can also note the world's tallest sea lighthouse, Marine Tower, which fits well into the concept of Minato Mirai. At night, the entire area is illuminated, creating a futuristic architectural composition. The legendary Japanese sailing ship Nippon Maru, which has now become a museum, is also moored on the territory of the Maritime Museum in Minato Mirai. Another attraction of the city is the local Chinatown, Chinatown, which is the largest in the world and is located near Minato Mirai. There are many restaurants serving different variations of Chinese cuisine here, as well as the colorful Kantei-byo Temple. The city's largest park, Yamashita, is home to an open-air museum, the Sankei-en Landscape Park, which contains life-size examples of traditional temples and other wooden buildings from various regions of Japan, mainly from Kyoto. Finally, it is worth highlighting the modern zoo Zoorasia, built in 1999. It is created in such a way that the habitats of the animals kept here are as spacious as possible and similar to their natural habitat. The zoo has seven themed areas: Asian Rainforest, Subantarctic Forest, Oceanian Grasslands, Central Asian Highlands, Japanese Countryside, Amazon Jungle and African Tropical Rainforest. The “Kirin Beer Village” may also be interesting. It was this Japanese lager, now famous throughout the world, that became the first Japanese beer brewed in Yokohama back in 1886. From Shinjuku and Shibuya stations in Tokyo to the central Minato Mirai station in Yokohama you can travel by subway or train in 25-30 minutes.
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